The communications of pro-Kremlin disinformation may vary from nation to nation, because may the various tools and stations for distributing it. But one aspect is typical: the approach that is negative the EU and NATO.
Such is amongst the conclusions regarding the study that is recent warfare on the web: Countering pro-Kremlin disinformation when you look at the CEE countries” published by the Warsaw-based Centre for International Relations. The paper covers the information room within the Czech Republic, Hungary, Moldova, Poland, Slovakia and Ukraine.
Firstly, the networks useful for distributing disinformation that is pro-Kremlin each nation are analysed. Whereas within the Republic that is czech there around 40 sites included, as well as in Hungary also 80 to 100, in Poland the authors highlight the application of the reviews chapters of news outlets.
Among less analysed, but excessively influential tools, e-mail chains are mentioned. These are typically quite difficult to trace, however they distribute commonly on the list of population that is elderly specific. In this scholarly research, Hungary is mentioned once the country where this channel is employed many. The Czech online daily Aktualne.cz recently talked about this device, too.